Portable generators are very handy pieces of equipment. They can be used for a range of tasks in different settings.
These impressive machines can act as backups for when your electricity supply is cut off, as well as, power many electrical devices at once. Although generally safe to use, some instances will require your generator to be properly grounded.
A well-grounded generator will add another layer of safety when you’re out on your camping trip. This can depend on the surface and terrain you are camping on.
The last thing you need is your generator short-circuiting and breaking, leaving you without any power whatsoever. To ground a generator safely and securely, we have made a helpful guide to do some handy tips to understand the best process.
Let’s not wait around! Find out the best way to ground a generator below!
How to ground a generator when you are camping
With most portable generators, its frame will act as the ground. This means you won’t have to use any metal rods and hammer them around the generator for proper grounding.
On the other hand, if you want to be extra cautious, you should use an 8-foot rod as this follows the safety code.
As we mentioned, grounding your generator will add extra support and safety. A well-grounded generator will reduce the risk of electrocution as well as electrical failure.
A generator’s composition works like an electrical circuit. This is why it requires a correctly installed rod as this works as the reference ground. Connecting a copper wire from the generator’s composition to the grounding rod will safely ground the generator.
To properly ground a generator, you need to make sure you have the correct utilities to do so safely. These include:
- Copper Rod - This will ground your portable generator. This should be at least 4-foot long and no less. A longer copper grounding rod may help penetrate the ground for a more sturdy grounding. This will usually have to be hammered into the ground if you are camping on tough terrain
- Copper wire - Stripping the copper wire will allow you to connect the copper grounding rod and become a conductive electrical cable
- Copper grounding wire - This connects the grounding pin from your generator to the copper grounding rod. The amount of cable needed to make the ground connection depends on the generators distance between the buried rod
- Pair of pliers - These are used to twist the copper wire near the grounding rod for a good connection between both
- Wire strippers - If your generator has an insulated grounding wire (most do), you will need to strip off the insulation on either end. This is easier with wire strippers as you can connect it to the grounding wire’s copper wire and the generator
- Wrench - Once the grounding wire is stripped, it must be connected to the generator. You will need a wrench to loosen a nut or two
If you’re dealing with separate grounding, you must make sure the ground and link circuits are of low resistance. It is advised you use the resistance of 0.2 ohms or less on your metal rod and grounding wire. Also, ensure the link connection is able to conduct electricity if a short circuit occurs
Step 1 - Find Dry Ground
Before grounding your generator, you need to make sure the ground is completely dry. Never try grounding your generator in wet conditions.
Ensure your hands are dry, find a dry area on the ground, and shelter the space from any possible moisture.
Step 2 - Install 4 Feet Into the Ground
Install the copper rod on the floor by sinking it at least 4 feet into the ground using a hammer (8 feet is ideal). If you dip the rod with more pressure, it should ground far better.
If the ground is too hard to penetrate, pour some water and wait for the ground to soften. When the surface has dried, sink the rod in at no more than a 45-degree angle.
Step 3 - Prepare Your Ground Wire
Ensure the copper wire is laid well away from your campsite. Peel the copper wire at both ends with your wire stripper. Make sure you leave most of the wire bare.
Step 4 - Connect the Copper Wire
Once the copper rod is set at least 4 (ideally 8) feet into the ground, you need to wrap the copper wire tightly around it with the pliers.
Step 5 - Connect to Generator
Now you link the other wire you have radical to the portable generator to ground it completely.
Simply loosen the grounding bolt slightly with your wrench, use the key, and wrap the wire around tightly. Then re-tighten the bolt to finish the process.
Your generator is now grounded and safe to use on your camping trip!
Do I need to ground my generator?
It is not always necessary to ground your generator. Most manufacturers bond the components to the generator’s frame which acts as a ground wire for you.
You will need to ground the generator if you are plugging it into a wired circuit system or if you want to plug electrical appliances directly into the generator.
Grounding directs an unwanted voltage from causing damage to your electrical appliances, including your generator. If it is not correctly grounded, a surge of electricity could travel through the different electrical connections and cause damage or even harm.
A properly grounded generator will protect you, your family, and your personal belongings from surges of unexpected power.
This doesn’t mean you have to go through this whole process every time you set up camp, however. Certain situations will require more than the generator’s bonded frame in order to direct dangerous electrical surges away from your campsite.
A proper, well-grounded generator will protect you and your family from getting hurt as well as prevent your personal possessions from getting damaged.
If you set up a generator correctly, there will be no need to worry. You can just sit back, relax, and enjoy your camping trip in safety.